Be warned: It’s a massive undertaking. This is no retirement project. Wine making is an agricultural discipline that comes with plenty of overtime. We work 7 days a week in the summertime, and not much less in winter. If you’re not from a farming family—or if you don’t have a solid background in winemaking, horticulture or enology—this is probably not the adventure for you. What’s more, it’s expensive. Planting and raising a hectare of vines until maturity can cost up to $70,000, and that’s on top of what you’ll pay for the land and the thousands of dollars of equipment you’ll need. A storehouse alone can put you out between $400,000 and $1 million, once you factor in all the gear. And don’t forget marketing your wares and agrotourism, which will take up every weekend from May to December. It’s also a risky business. You have to be an expert in agriculture, transformation, marketing, and agrotourism. Fall short on any of these and you put your venture at risk. You also have to commit to working for dozens of years, so it’s best to take a long-term view. Also? It’s simply one of the most rewarding professions in the world. Keep reading for more resources that can help you get started. Training CECEPs and the ITA have a DEC in Gestion et exploitation d’entreprise agricole, and McGill University and l’Université de Laval offer a Bachelor of Agronomy with various specialties in plant and food production. AGRI-Formation also offers complementary training, including short improvement courses in viticulture and winemaking (fertilization, phytoprotection, transformation). The Québec Winegrowers Association keeps a list of all courses offered by various organizations. References Comptabilité et saine gestion d'une exploitation agricole – États financiers modèles à l'intention des producteurs agricoles canadiens – Arbres et vignes, Comptables agréés du Canada, Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada et Conseil canadien de la gestion d'entreprise agricole Le Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire du Québec (CRAAQ) is the leading publisher of reference. The following books are particularly relevant:
  • Guide d'implantation – Vigne
  • Wine grape production guide for eastern north america
  • Les mauvaises herbes agricoles
  • Guide de référence en fertilisation
  • Guide de référence technique en drainage souterrain et travaux accessoires
  • Vignes non rustiques – Budget – Vignes non rustiques avec buttage (production de raisin)
  • Vignes rustiques – Budget – Vignes rustiques sans buttage (production de raisins)
  • Vignes biologiques – Budget – Vignes biologiques non rustiques avec buttage (production de raisin)
  • Vigne : Guide des traitements phytosanitaires
  • Production de raisins biologiques
You must also subscribe to Agri-Réseau wine section or wire publishes new information in terms of activity and publications. Le Guide d'identification des cépages cultivés en climat froid is available from the authors. Several reference books available from book retailers or online:
  • Avenard, J.-C., Bernos, L., Grand, O., Samie, B.; 2003. Manuel de production intégrée en viticulture. Féret, FRANCE. 222 p.
  • Boudon-Padieu, É., Ridé, M., Walter, B., 2000. Maladies à virus, bactéries et phytoplasmes de la vigne. Féret, FRANCE. 192 p.
  • Carbonneau A., Deloire, A., Jaillard, B.; 2007. La vigne : Physiologie, terroir, culture. Dunod, FRANCE. 442 p. plus annexes.
  • Carisse, O., Bacon, R., Lasnier, J., McFadden-Smith, W., 2006. Guide d'identification des principales maladies de la vigne. agroalim.Canada., 30 p.
  • Crespy, A.; 2012. Manuel pratique de fertilisation – Qualité des moûts et des vins. Oenoplurimédia, FRANCE, 136 p.
  • Institut de la Statistique du Québec, Profil sectoriel de l'industrie horticole au Québec
  • Martinet, A.; 1999. Matériel viticole; Féret, FRANCE, 188 p.
  • Reynier, A.; 2007. Manuel de viticulture.
Research Reports
  • Gagné, F., 2008. Dosage des fongicides en fonction du volume foliaire de la vigne au Québec. Ass.vignerons du Québec, CANADA. 3 p.
  • Gagné, F., 2013. Analyse comparative de cinq dispositifs de protection hivernale dans la vigne semi-rustique. Vignobles Saint-Rémi, MAPAQ, CANADA. 31 p.
  • IFV, 2010. Notice d'utilisation du module de calcul des doses : Historique du projet Optidose et présentation des résultats. IFV, FRANCE. 11 p.
  • Jolivet, Y., 2006. Mille et une recettes de lutte contre le gel printanier. Compte-rendu colloque Agri-Vision 25 janvier 2006, Agri-Réseau, CANADA. 9 p.
  • Viret, O., Siegfried, W., 2005. Dosage des fongicides en fonction du volume foliaire de la vigne. R. suisse Vitic. Arboric. Hortic., 37:1, p. 59-62.
Online Tools CRAAQ, Atlas agroclimatique du Québec IFV, Calculateur du SO2 actif Brock University, Vine Alert Vine nursery owners See our list of suppliers Equipment retailers and winemaking suppliers See our list of suppliers Online social resources Everyone is invited to follow Québec’s wine industry on Facebook and Twitter at @VinsQcCertifies. Québec Winegrowers Association members can also access the LinkedIn forum , and the QWA’s information . Human resources Be sure to consult the services of an enologist and agronomist as soon as you start your project. An enologist is a wine professional, while an agronomist is a specialist in plant production. They’ll help you avoid irreparable mistakes when you launch your endeavour. Afterwards, they can help you in your current tasks so you can produce wines that meet consumers’ expectations. You’ll find the names some consultants in our list of suppliers Regulations If you’re planning to transform a site, you’ll need a Permis de production artisanale from the Régie des alcools, des courses et des jeux. Certification, designations Visit our page on the Québec Certified Wines website. CARTV are currently putting together a list of designations, which is not yet available.